Important Terms For The Cicero Unit
Latin For Cicero Terms
A conjunction that pairs up with other words to connect elements in a sentence. They help indicate the relationship between elements they connect in a sentence. In the following sentence the correlatives are in bold: "Both the teacher and the students read the book."
A verbal noun whose Nominative is the Present Active Infinitive (2nd Principal Part) and Genitive, Dative, Accusative and Ablative cases are similar to the 2nd Declension Masculine endings.
A statement which is being referred to or related. Indirect Statement has a unique formula or structure in Latin which you should review.
The 2nd Prinicpal Part of a verb which is preceded by the word "to" in English and which ends in either -are, -ere or -ire in Latin. The Infinitive is used to form many other verb forms in Latin and is essential to understanding how to conjugate verbs in Latin.
A reading strategy for translating Latin in which you first read the main clause of a sentence and then add each subsequent subordinate clause until you have added all pieces of the original sentence.
A clause that expresses the result of an action. In Latin, Result Clauses use a verb unique formula or structure with the Indicative and Subjunctive which you should review.
Verbs which express what is imagined, wished, uncertain or possible.
Works of Cicero Terms
Citizenship in Ancient Rome.
Cicero's oration, also known as the Pro Archia Poeta, which is the published literary form of his defense of Aulus Licinius Archias, a poet accused of not being a Roman citizen.
The Style of Cicero Terms
The repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive phrases, clauses or lines.
Opposition or contrast of ideas or words in a balanced or parallel construction.
Two corresponding pairs arranged not in parallels (a-b-a-b) but in inverted order (a-b-b-a).
In an oration: The affirmative argument, or proof of the case.
In an oration: Introductory remarks designed to arouse interest.
Separation of words which belong together, often to emphasize the first of the separated words or to create a certain image.
An arrangement of clauses that emphasizes subordination.
Understatement, for intensification, by denying the contrary of the thing being affirmed.
In an oration: the statement of the case.
A writing technique in which one word, phrase or clause is placed in the middle of another phrase or clause.
A formal speech.
The use of successive types of words in poetry or prose that correspond in grammatical structure, sound, meter, meaning, etc.
Two or more sentences placed side-by-side in order to give equal weight to each of them.
A style of writing where the writer uses balanced parallels, postpones the main clause or the predicate until the end of the sentence and shows the relationship of the parts of the sentence through careful nesting of subordinate clauses.
In an oration: the conclusion, summing up the main points and often appealing to the sympathy of the audience.
The repetition of conjunctions in a series of coordinate words, phrases or clauses.
The action of putting something that is important after (and not before) other, less important things.
The part of a sentence or clause containing a verb and stating something about the subject (e.g., went home in John went home ).
In an oration: a statement setting forth the points to be proved.
In an oration: the rebuttal, refuting the arguments of the opposing side.
The contraction of a word in Latin.